Metabolites significantly affected in chronic kidney disease, study finds

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) affects 1 in 7 people in the United States, according to the U.S. National Institute of Diabetes & Digestive & Kidney Diseases (NIDDK). These individuals have a very high risk of cardiovascular disease, and some will also progress to kidney failure requiring dialysis and transplantation. However, few options exist to treat […]
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Intrusive Thoughts and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

Intrusive thoughts are threatening thoughts that constantly occur to a person without conscious or voluntary control. These thoughts are capable of creating severe anxiety when they enter the mind. They play a vital role in Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), as they have a significant impact on the people affected by it. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Post-traumatic […]
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Breast cancer researchers track changes in normal mammary duct cells leading to disease

The findings of the multidisciplinary team of surgeons, pathologists and scientists led by principal investigator Dr. Susan Done are published online today in Nature Communications. Dr. Done, a pathologist affiliated with The Campbell Family Institute for Breast Cancer Research at Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, University Health Network, is also an associate professor in the Department […]
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Can bones affect your appetite — and your metabolism?

Your skeleton is much more than the structure supporting your muscles and other tissues. It produces hormones, too. And Mathieu Ferron knows a lot about it. The researcher at the Montreal Clinical Research Institute (IRCM) and professor at Université de Montréal’s Faculty of Medicine has spent the last decade studying a hormone called osteocalcin. Produced […]
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Why Afternoon Open Heart Surgery Is Better for Patient Outcomes

Open heart surgery is linked to better patient outcomes when carried out in the afternoon, rather than in the morning, according to a study published yesterday (October 26) in The Lancet. The reasons have to do with circadian rhythms, and the risk of heart damage following operation, researchers report. “Our study found that post-surgery heart […]
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Do bacteria have sense of touch?

Although bacteria have no sensory organs in the classical sense, they are still masters in perceiving their environment. A research group at the University of Basel’s Biozentrum has now discovered that bacteria not only respond to chemical signals, but also possess a sense of touch. In their recent publication in Science, the researchers demonstrate how […]
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The brain can re-map advanced artificial limbs

Targeted motor and sensory reinnervation (TMSR) is a surgical procedure on patients with amputations that reroutes residual limb nerves towards intact muscles and skin in order to fit them with a limb prosthesis allowing unprecedented control. By its nature, TMSR changes the way the brain processes motor control and somatosensory input; however the detailed brain […]
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Adderall Misuse May Be Hidden Part of Teen Amphetamine Abuse

American teens underestimate their use of amphetamines, likely because many don’t know that the attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) drug Adderall is an amphetamine, a new study suggests. High school and college students sometimes use Adderall, a type of stimulant medication, without a doctor’s order because they believe it will boost their mental function and school performance. […]
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A healthy heart may protect older adults from disability

  A healthy heart is important to the well-being of older adults. The American Heart Association (AHA) defines “ideal cardiovascular health” based on four health behaviors (current smoking, body mass index, physical activity, and healthy diet and three health factors (total cholesterol, blood pressure), and fasting blood glucose level). Recently, a team of researchers studied […]
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Does smell sensitivity change everyday?

It has always been apparent that some individuals have a better sense of smell than others, but a new study of 37 teens provides the first direct evidence that within each person, smell sensitivity varies over the course of each day. The pattern, according to the data, tracks with the body’s internal day-night cycle, or […]
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Eating more fruits, vegetables boosts psychological well-being

Fruits and vegetables are a pivotal part of a healthful diet, but their benefits are not limited to physical health. New research finds that increasing fruit and vegetable consumption may improve psychological well-being in as little as 2 weeks. Study leader Dr. Tamlin Conner, of the Department of Psychology at the University of Otago in […]
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Insulin Use During, After Meals Raises Risk Of Non-Adherence

Individuals with type 2 diabetes who use bolus insulin during or after meals have a greater risk of non-adherence and poorer glycemic control than those who use insulin prior to meals, according to a recent analysis. For their analysis, the researchers evaluated 1483 adult participants with type 2 diabetes from 12 countries in a web-based, […]
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