A cardiac bio-implant factory was inaugurated by President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad in Kish Island south of Iran on Friday Successful commissioning of the project in Iran marks lift of western states’ bio-implant monopoly.
The price of Iran-made cardiac valve is about 2800 dollars much lesser than its world price of 7 thousands dollars per tissue.
An implant is a medical device manufactured to replace a missing biological structure, support a damaged biological structure, or enhance an existing biological structure.
Medical implants are man-made devices, in contrast to a transplant, which is a transplanted biomedical tissue.
The surface of implants that contact the body might be made of a biomedical material such as titanium, silicone or apatite depending on what is the most functional.
In some cases implants contain electronics e.g. artificial pacemaker and cochlear implants.
A bio-implant may be defined as a biomaterial surgically implanted in a person’s body to replace damaged tissue.
Common areas of application include orthopedic (especially maxillofacial) re-constructive prosthesis, cardiac prostheses (artificial heart valves like the Chitra heart valve), skin and cornea.